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How did the capabilities of ISIS weakened in Syria?

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Oleg Siromolotov stated that the Russian armed forces, in close cooperation with the Syrian armed forces, were able during the past year to consolidate success in confronting the terrorist organization ISIS (which is banned in Russia).
The Russian official said: “We look positively at the fact that in 2021 the Russian armed forces, in close cooperation with the armed forces of the Syrian Arab Republic, continued to consolidate their successes in countering the activities of ISIS on the territory of this country.”

He also continued, “As a result, the capabilities of this organization were significantly weakened, its power and important means were eliminated, the organizational structure was destroyed, and the provision of resources was reduced.”
Syria has been suffering, since March 2011, from an armed conflict. Since September 30, 2015, at the request of the Syrian President, Bashar al-Assad, Russia has launched air strikes against the sites of ISIS and Jabhat al-Nusra [terrorists banned in Russia and a large number of countries] in Syria; Until the main part of the forces was withdrawn in mid-March 2016, Russia’s efforts moved more to the areas of negotiations and humanitarian aid.

At the end of 2017, in Syria, victory was declared over the terrorist organization ISIS. Currently, political settlement, the reconstruction of Syria, and the return of refugees are the highest priority.

Russia, Iran and Turkey signed an agreement in May 2017 as part of the talks that took place in Astana (Nur-Sultan at the present time), to establish four de-escalation zones in Syria, and three of them came under the control of Damascus in 2018. As for the fourth area, located In Idlib Governorate and parts of the neighboring Latakia, Hama and Aleppo governorates, it is still not under the control of the Syrian government.

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