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Risks of sunstroke and ways to prevent and treat it

Heatstroke can lead to health risks if not treated promptly, including:
Fainting: A person suffering from heatstroke can faint and enter a coma until he is treated.
Heat stroke: It is a serious, life-threatening condition that occurs when the body loses its ability to control its temperature.
Damage to vital organs: Heatstroke may cause brain edema in some cases.
Death: If the individual does not undergo immediate treatment, the possibility of the injured person’s death may increase, especially if the sunstroke was severe.
First aid for heatstroke
When a person suffers from heatstroke, emergency services must be called, and until the ambulance arrives, some measures must be taken to prevent its risks, which are:
Take the injured person to a shaded area
Remove him from the sun immediately, take off his outer clothing, then sprinkle cold water on his entire body. The injured person must be ventilated to help his body sweat.
Ice packs can be used and placed under the armpits, between the thighs, and on the neck and back, as these areas contain many blood vessels close to the skin, and cooling them reduces the body temperature.
Giving water and cold fluids to the injured person
If he is conscious and able to drink, he should take cold drinks to lower his body temperature as quickly as possible, and the injured person should not be given any drinks that contain caffeine.
Monitor the temperature of the infected person
You must continue to monitor its temperature and ensure that it gradually decreases, while continuing the cooling steps until the temperature drops below 38 degrees Celsius.
Ways to prevent sunstroke
Here are some ways to help avoid heatstroke:
Wear light summer clothes: choose cotton fabrics that absorb heat, and preferably light-colored clothes.
Maintaining hydration: by drinking large amounts of water and cold liquids to replace the fluids that the body loses through sweating.
Avoid direct exposure to strong sunlight: It is preferable not to go out during the peak hours of the sun’s rays, and if there is a need to do so, you must wear a hat to reduce its harmful effects.
Do not do any major effort in very hot weather: such as exercising or doing any hard work and great effort.
Stop any strenuous activity if you feel tired: because feeling tired and exhausted is one of the first signs of heatstroke.
Do not leave children or the elderly in the car for a long time: during the day, because this could lead to heat stroke.
Symptoms of heatstroke
Sunstroke causes some symptoms, which are:
Dizziness and lack of balance: The victim may fall to the ground as a result of the severe dizziness he feels.
Some mental changes: such as body confusion, delirium, slurred speech, and may lead to coma.
Nausea, which can lead to vomiting: with a feeling of fatigue, fatigue, and inability to move.
Extremely high body temperature: This is the main feature of heatstroke.
Severe pain in the head and in various parts of the body.
Difficulty breathing: and rapid heartbeat due to increased pressure on it.
Dehydration: Feeling extremely thirsty and an increased desire to drink water and hydrate the entire body.
Skin color changes: it becomes red as a result of high body temperature, with no sweat.
Risk factors for heatstroke
Anyone can suffer from heatstroke, but the chances of developing it increase as a result of some factors, which are:
Exertion in high temperatures: Some strenuous activities can lead to heat stroke.
Age: The central nervous system is responsible for monitoring and maintaining the correct internal temperature. In the body of children, the central nervous system is not fully formed. Also, once the age of 65 years passes, the central nervous system begins to deteriorate, and therefore children and adults are the most vulnerable to stroke. the sun.
Medications: Some medications increase the risk of heatstroke, because they interfere with the way the body responds to heat, or because they reduce the body’s moisture, such as; Vasoconstrictors, diuretics, medications that rid the body of sodium and water, antidepressants, and antipsychotics can make heat stroke easier.
Sudden sun exposure: Heatstroke is more likely to occur at the beginning of a heat wave or when the weather becomes extremely hot without warning.
Sleep deprivation: Lack of sleep may also increase the likelihood of heatstroke.
Suffering from some diseases: Some diseases also increase the risk of heat stroke, such as: Heart and lung disease, obesity and gastroenteritis

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