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Thyroid problems on menstruation

The thyroid gland affects the menstrual cycle The menstrual cycle is fulfilled as a result of its direct effect on the ovary, and in the level of the sex hormone-binding globulin protein, or SHBG, indirectly, so having health problems in the thyroid gland leads to disturbances in the menstrual cycle, and it should be noted that these disorders increase in severity Increasing the severity of the disease.

Thyroid disorders affect the menstrual cycle, in terms of abundance, and the time of its occurrence, and may lead to the cessation of menstruation for several months, which is known as menopause or early menopause, and may cause some health problems. Others in women, such as: imbalance of the hormones responsible for ovulation, or increased secretion of the milk hormone known as the hormone prolactin.

Hypothyroidism Untreated hypothyroidism may lead to many disorders at the level of the menstrual cycle, including the following:

Dysmenorrhea: Painful menstrual periods are known as dysmenorrhea, and are accompanied by backaches, stomach pains and cramps, and headaches.

Multiple menstruation: menstruation is repeated due to the proximity of the time period between each menstrual cycle and another, it is often less than 28 days, for example, menstrual bleeding may occur every 21 days.

Menorrhagia: It is represented by heavy periods, characterized by heavy bleeding or continued bleeding for a long time.

Long periods of menstruation: The period of menstruation increases in hypothyroidism from five days to six days or more.

Early puberty: Having hypothyroidism may lead to precocious puberty in young girls at a lower age than usual.

Hyperthyroidism Hyperthyroidism may be accompanied by changes in the level of the menstrual cycle, some of which are mentioned below:

Delayed puberty: Hyperthyroidism leads to a delay in puberty until after the age of fifteen.

Menopause: It is considered one of the most common hyperthyroid disorders, and this is due to the cessation of the ovulation process due to the increased secretion of the sex hormone-binding globulin protein, as a result of the increased secretion of thyroid hormones.

Infrequent menstruation: the period may be delayed when hyperthyroidism is present, or it may recur every 35 or 40 days instead of the normal period, first it occurs for a month or two.

Change in bleeding during the menstrual cycle: bleeding becomes less intense or lasts for a shorter period of time.

– Decreased fertility: due to menstrual irregularities; Either as a result of bleeding during the menstrual cycle, or its delay.

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