Arab achievements in foreign countries

The Syrian physicist who described her research as “explosive bombs”

Dr. Shadia Naim Rifai was born in Syria and received education in her schools, and her love for science began since childhood, when she was attracted by the way her teacher explained science when she was in the ninth grade. And Dr. Shadia began her scientific journey at the University of Damascus, where her love for physics prompted her to choose it as a basic specialization. She obtained a bachelor’s degree in physics and mathematics from the university, and then moved to Beirut so that she could obtain a master’s degree in nuclear physics from the American University.
Habal took her first step to study space physics, when she traveled to Ohio in the United States in 1973 to complete her doctoral studies at the University of Cincinnati, after which she joined to work as a researcher for one year at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder.
In 1978, Shadia joined the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, where she established a global research group in solar-terrestrial physics, before being appointed as a chair professor in the Department of Physics at the University of Wales at Aberystwyth. Theoretical studies and a wide range of observations made by spacecraft and ground-based observational devices.
The Arab scientist’s research on the solar wind was considered as “exploding bombs” when it was first presented, as reported by the American Journal of Science, as these research overthrew the prevailing perceptions of the solar wind, as it confirmed that the wind comes from everywhere in the sun, and its speed stops on the magnetic nature of the different sites.
Dr. Shadia played a key role in preparing for the flight of the US space agency NASA, the first spacecraft to actually orbit inside the solar corona. She also headed several scientific teams to monitor the solar eclipse around the world, including the Al-Jazeera region in Syria. She submitted about 60 research papers to scientific arbitration journals, and participated in 30 other papers in scientific conferences.
She is Dr. Shadia is one of the most prominent international experts on the sun and solar wind, and she is a member of many societies such as: the American Astronomical Society, the American Geophysical Society, the American Physicists Association, the Society of Women Scientists, the European Geophysical Society, and the International Astronomers Union. Fellowship” at the Royal Astronomical Society.
Habbal’s saying that the solar wind that pulls the globe is a “colossal sheet” that protects life from deadly cosmic rays has caused a sensation.
The prevailing view of the solar wind is that it is divided into two types, fast and slow, the first emanating from the sun at a speed of 800 km per second, and the other heavy movement coming from the “equatorial region” of the sun.
Dr. participated. Shadia a team of astronomers specialized in preparing for the first space flight to the sun, specifically for the layer of the solar corona that represents the outer part of the heliosphere, and humans can only see this area during a solar eclipse, where it is seen as a white pearl surrounding the sun.
I played Dr. Shadia played a key role in the design of the vehicle entrusted with this task. The project, which began in 1995, is to manufacture and design “robots” for space exploration and a spacecraft that can orbit the sun, as this vehicle tries to rotate around it from north to south to take accurate pictures of it in pursuit of more One of the most amazing scientific discoveries.
And collected d. Shadia is between the requirements of motherhood – she is a mother of two children – and the leadership of an academic movement of women researchers known as “Adventure Women”, and academic work, and the leadership of scientific teams in various parts of the earth in an effort to capture even one picture of the sun that helps solve its mysteries that still elude human beings.

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