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All you need to know about cholera

First: Infection by eating or drinking contaminated food or drink with the Vibrio ferritus.

Second: Clinical symptoms: Most of the infected have no clinical symptoms, despite the expulsion of a germ in the stool for a period ranging from 1-10 days after infection.

The disease manifests in moderate severity in 80% of patients, while 20% of them develop acute watery diarrhea with severe dehydration.

Cholera may also cause death if left untreated, and mortality increases in undernourished and immunocompromised patients.

Third: Methods of treatment: Most cases are cured by using oral “rehydration salts”, which are useful in compensating for the lack of rehydration.

Severe cases must be treated in the hospital to replace lost fluids and salts due to severe diarrhea and vomiting.

And if oral rehydration solutions are not available, they can be prepared at home until the patient is transferred to the hospital, as follows:

Half a teaspoon of table salt 2.5 g.

Six full teaspoons of sugar 30 g.

One liter of clean water.

The solution is given to the patient immediately and in quantities commensurate with the continuous loss through diarrhea and vomiting.

Fourth: Methods of prevention: Avoid touching potentially infected patients, in addition to proper disposal of the excretions caused by the infected “diarrhea and vomiting.”

Make sure to use water from a safe source and ensure the safety of preparing and preserving food.

And keep washing hands with soap and water for 30 seconds.

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