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Star Ambassador Fayrouz on her birthday

Mrs. Fayrouz topped the list of the most searched on social networking sites, with the celebration of her birthday beginning on its real date corresponding to November 20, instead of the usual official date of November 21, and publications increased including rare photos and new recordings of the “Neighbor of the Moon” and “Our Ambassador to the Stars” concerts. ». »Where her fans share the most prominent stations of her personal and artistic biography, and wishes her more life and creativity.

Her original name is Nihad Rizk Wadih Haddad, she was born on November 20, 1935, but the date of birth was recorded on November 21, and her fans used to celebrate the official date, until her daughter Rima intervened by clarifying the real date.

Fayrouz, the first child of a poor Syriac Catholic family, lived in Zuqaq al-Blat, in the old neighborhood near the Lebanese capital.

The lineage of her father, Wadih Haddad, dates back to the city of Mardin in Turkey, and he worked in the printing press of the Lebanese newspaper L’Orient, which is published to this day in French in Beirut.

Her mother, a Lebanese Maronite Christian named Lisa Al-Bustani, died on the same day that Fayrouz recorded the song “Ya Jarat Al-Wadi” composed by musician Mohamed Abdel-Wahhab.

It was discovered by Muhammad Fleifel, one of the two Fleifel brothers who composed the Syrian national anthem, and presented it at a school party that was held in 1946 AD on his new discovery, which is the voice of Fayrouz.

The conservative father rejected Professor Fleifel’s idea that his daughter sing in front of the public, but the latter succeeded in convincing him after assuring him that she would only sing patriotic songs, and the father agreed on the condition that her brother Joseph accompany her during her studies at the National Conservatory of Music, which was headed by Wadih Sabra, the author of the Lebanese national music. And who refused to charge any fees from all the students who came with Fleifel.

Fayrouz joined the Lebanese National Radio Ensemble a few months after entering the institute, and she remembers those days, saying: “My wish was to sing on the radio, and they told me that I would be paid 100 liras (21 dollars) per month. My joy was indescribable, but at the end of the month I did not am I lucky enough; due to tax deduction.

Halim El Roumi, director of the Lebanese Radio and the father of the singer Magda El Roumi, composed her first songs.

Fayrouz’s artistic career began in earnest in 1952 AD when she sang to the tunes of the musician Assi Rahbani, who later married her. This period constituted a new musical stage in Arabic music when she worked with the Rahbani brothers, and at this stage she mixed Western and Eastern styles and Lebanese colors.

With the Rahbani brothers and their younger brother, Elias, she performed more than 800 songs and operettas that revolutionized Arabic music. It is distinguished by its short duration and strong meaning, unlike the prevailing Arabic songs at the time, which were characterized by length.

The public also called her more than one title, including the title “Our Ambassador to the Stars”, which was given to her by the poet Saeed Akl, referring to the sophistication and distinction of her voice, “Neighbor of the Moon”, “The Bird of the East”, and other titles.

Among her most important theatrical works: “Bridge of the Moon,” “The Night and the Lamp,” “Bayaa al-Khawat,” “Ayyam Fakhr al-Din,” “Hala and the King.”

Among the most beautiful poems she sang: “Take me with your eyes, and now now and not tomorrow, and the flower of cities, and give me the flute and sing, and I love from the names, and when they begin to be rejected.” And from the patriotic songs: “I love you, Lebanon, and oh freedom, and I will not forget you Palestine and ancient Jerusalem, Oh, the love of Beirut.”

After her marriage to Asi Rahbani, Fayrouz converted to the Eastern Orthodox Church. She is the mother of the Lebanese composer and pianist Ziad Rahbani, Layal Rahbani, Rima Rahbani and Hali Rahbani.

Fayrouz sang to many poets and composers; Among them is Michael Naima with his poem “The Badminton Player” and Saeed Akl with his poem “The Badminton Player”. She also sang in front of many kings and presidents and in most of the major festivals in the Arab world, and she was given several titles, including “Our Ambassador to the Stars”, which was given to her by the poet Saeed Akl, to indicate the sophistication and distinction of her voice.

After the death of her husband, Assi, in 1986, she had many experiences with a group of composers and authors, most notably Philemon Wahba and Zaki Nassif, but she worked mainly with her son Ziyad, who presented her with a wide range of songs; It highlighted his talent and ability to create his own musical style drawn from Lebanese music, Arabic music, oriental music, and international music.

Fayrouz has an album that was completely composed by the Egyptian musician Riyad Al-Sonbaty, and it has not been released yet. It is also believed that there are fifteen unreleased songs composed by Philemon Wehbe, and the total number of her songs is estimated at more than 1,500 songs.

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